Yorkshire saw a rapid time of industrialisation during the 19th century, with West Riding being a centre for the textile industry. Coal production and steel were mainly centred in the Sheffield area. By the 1860's the cotton industry had adapted machinery and become entirely factory based, including integrated mills. Sheffield became one of the main centres for union and trade organisations in the United Kingdom. A period of cultural and social growth was seen during the Georgian period and both the private and public building trades boomed.
In 1839, during the Victorian age the railway, or "iron horse," came to York, allowing a number of local companies and businesses to expand nationally. These included Terry's Confectionary Works and Rowntrees Cocoa Works. The city of York became a major transportation hub for the North of England, owing to its strategic location between the City of London and Edinburgh.
The Yorkshire area is renowned for its contributions to the modern world in the form of its inventors and inventions which include the mousetrap, the Hansom cab, the development of transport and much more