Celebrating Yorkshire's Inventors & Inventions

Yorkshire is the largest historic county in the United Kingdom and has a rich and colourful past. King George VI once stated that, "The history of York is the history of England". During the Middle Ages, after the death of King Edward the Confessor in 1066, two major battles were waged to decide who would succeed to the throne of England. They were the Battle of Fulford and the Battle of Hastings, after which the King of England was named King William the 1st. Much of the War of the Roses was also fought in Yorkshire.

Industrialisation

Yorkshire saw a rapid time of industrialisation during the 19th century, with West Riding being a centre for the textile industry. Coal production and steel were mainly centred in the Sheffield area. By the 1860's the cotton industry had adapted machinery and become entirely factory based, including integrated mills. Sheffield became one of the main centres for union and trade organisations in the United Kingdom. A period of cultural and social growth was seen during the Georgian period and both the private and public building trades boomed.

Transportation

In 1839, during the Victorian age the railway, or "iron horse," came to York, allowing a number of local companies and businesses to expand nationally. These included Terry's Confectionary Works and Rowntrees Cocoa Works. The city of York became a major transportation hub for the North of England, owing to its strategic location between the City of London and Edinburgh.

Inventions

The Yorkshire area is renowned for its contributions to the modern world in the form of its inventors and inventions which include the mousetrap, the Hansom cab, the development of transport and much more